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Jeep Models, Discriptions & Dates

#1 User is offline   Rollbar 

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Posted 21 December 2005 - 06:03 PM

Go here for a look @ the pictures which are nice looking.

Webejeepin.com


Model/Dates:
Picture: Description:

Bantam
Pilot Model
1940
The original "Jeep", built by the American Bantam Car Company of Butler, Pennsylvania in just 49 days under contract with the U.S. Army, delivered on 23 Sep 1940. Featured rounded front fenders, hood, and grille. Headlights mounted to the tops of the fenders. Willys and Ford also provided prototypes to compete against the Bantam for a follow-on production contract with the Army.

Willys Quad
1940
The "Quad" was Willys' prototype model, delivered to the Army on 13 Nov 1940. Although heavier and more powerful, it looked virtually identical to the Bantam (why?, because Willys and Ford were both given access to Bantam's blueprints by the U.S. Army, under protest by Bantam, of course!).

Ford Pygmy
1940
The "Pygmy", Ford's prototype, was delivered to the Army in Dec 1940 for testing against the Bantam and Willys prototypes. It was similar to the Willys and the Bantam, except that it was powered by a Ford tractor engine. Other unique features included the flat hood, vertical tube flat front grille, and recessed headlights behind the grille.

Bantam
BRC-40
1941
In March 1941, the Army contracted with Bantam, Willys, and Ford to each build and deliver 1,500 vehicles. Bantam produced the BRC-40, which featured a vertical tube flat front grille, flat front fenders and hood, and headlights mounted on either side of the hood. A total of 2,675 BRC-40's were produced by the end of 1941.

Willys
MA
1941
The MA was Willys' follow-on model as part of that 1,500-vehicle Army contract. It was a mirror image of the Bantam design (BRC-40), except more rugged and more powerful, resulting in the MA being selected by the Army as the "basic version". Willys would soon be awarded a contract for full-scale production of the Model MB!

Ford GP
1941
Ford's follow-on model to satisfy their 1,500-vehicle share of the Army contract. Very similar in appearance to their Pygmy prototype model. Contrary to popular belief, "GP" did not stand for "General Purpose". GP was a Ford engineering term, "G" for a government contract vehicle, and "P" for 80-inch-wheelbase Reconnaissance Car. Ford produced a total of 4,456 GPs during 1941.

Willys MB
&
Ford GPW
1942-1945
The "standardized" Jeep. Because of Willys' limited production capacity, the Army contracted with Ford to build Jeeps to the Willys pattern. The MB and GPW featured a stamped metal grille with recessed headlights, flat fenders and hood front, and the Willys 4-cyl "Go-Devil" engine. Over 640,000 produced. Although slightly different, all parts are interchangeable between the MB and the GPW.

Ford GPA
Amphibious
1942-1943
Here's an interesting looking Jeep! Basically, the GPA was a squarish hull wrapped around a GPW, with a power take-off for the propeller. Even though it wasn't as maneuverable as the services had wanted, nearly 13,000 GPAs were produced for the military.

M38 (MC)
1950-1952
The M38 was based on the civilian model CJ-3A, but upgraded for military use. It featured flat fenders, one-piece windshield, bottom-mounted wipers, and an air vent at bottom center of windshield frame. Military upgrades included a stronger frame and suspension, a 24-volt electrical system, and full-floating rear axle.

M38A1 (MD)
1952-1968
Rounded front fenders, contoured hood, two-piece windshield, top-mounted windshield wipers, new "Hurricane" F-Head 134 I4 engine. This is the model that inspired the CJ-5. Differed from the CJ-5 in that it had a stronger frame and suspension, reversed front spring shackles, standardized GI instruments, and 24-volt electrics.

M170
1954-1964
Probably the rarest Jeep ever produced, the M170 was a stretched M38A1. Only about 6,500 were produced, many outfitted as field ambulances. One unique feature was that the spare tire was mounted inside the body on the passenger side, to allow stretchers to extend over the tailgate. Inspiration for the civilian version CJ-6.


M422
1959-1962
The M422 "Mighty Mite" was manufactured by AMC (American Motors) for the U.s. Marine Corp. It featured an AMC V-4 air-cooled engine, which propelled it to a top speed of 55 MPH. With al all aluminum body, it weighed only 1700 pounds.

M151
1959-1978
The M151 "Mutt" (Military Unit Tactical Truck) was tested and prototyped by Ford throughout the 1950s. It was manufactured by Willys Motors (later Kaiser Jeep), AM General, General Motors, and Ford. This Vietnam-era Jeep featured a split windshield and a horizontally-slotted stamped steel front grille.

M715/725
1967-1969
The M715 was based on the J-series civilian pick-up. The M725 had the same drive train and nose, but a different cab/cargo area. Both trucks were rated at 1 tons. Shown here is a 1968 Kaiser M725 outfitted as an ambulance.

HMMWV
1983-pres
The Highly Mobile Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) is the military's current generation multi-purpose utility vehicle; manufactured by AM General and powered by a 6.2L fuel-injected V-8 diesel. It isn't referred to as a "Jeep" at all, but it figured it would show how far we've come since the Bantam. Other features of the HMMWV include an aluminum body, 4-wheel independent suspension, geared hubs, full-time 4WD, and Central Tire Inflation System (CTIS) which allows the operator to change tire pressure while the vehicle is in motion.
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#2 User is offline   Safari Outfitter 

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Posted 21 December 2005 - 11:19 PM

Quote

HMMWV
1983-pres
The Highly Mobile Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) is the military's current generation multi-purpose utility vehicle; manufactured by AM General and powered by a 6.2L fuel-injected V-8 diesel. It isn't referred to as a "Jeep" at all, but it figured it would show how far we've come since the Bantam. Other features of the HMMWV include an aluminum body, 4-wheel independent suspension, geared hubs, full-time 4WD, and Central Tire Inflation System (CTIS) which allows the operator to change tire pressure while the vehicle is in motion.


You have trampled on sacred Jeep ground by mentioning the "H" word. :)

#3 User is offline   TheMajor 

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Posted 22 December 2005 - 12:11 AM

Jeep History Timeline :nerd:

1903 The Standard Wheel Company expands bicycle operations to include Overland Automotive.
1903 The Overland "Runabout" is introduced.
1908 John North Willys, an Overland dealer in Elmira, NY travels to Indianapolis and buys the Overland Automotive Division of Standard Wheel Company.
1909 Overland Automotive is moved to Toledo, OH.
1912 Overland Automotive is renamed Willys-Overland Motor Company.
1913 John North Willys purchases Edwards Motor Company of New York City, obtaining a license to develop Knight sleeve-valve engines. Production of the Willys-Knight automobiles begins.
1914 Willys continues increasing production and becomes the number two automaker in America, second only to Ford.
1926 The Willys Whippet debuts. Featuring a 100" wheelbase, it is the smallest car then made in America.
1932 Production of the Willys-Knight automobiles end.
1935 John North Willys, the father of the company that will later become known as Jeep, passes away.
1936 Coming out of bankruptcy following the Great Depression, the company is reorganized as Willys-Overland Motors, Inc.
1940 Two of the five Willys Quad prototype vehicles are delivered to the US Army. Powered by the 60hp "Go-Devil" engine, this vehicle has more power than the competing entries from Bantam Car Company and Ford.
1941 Willys improves upon the Quad with the debut of the Willys MA. 1,553 units are produced. Of these, approximately 30 are known to still be in existence.
1942 Willys begins production of the world-renown Willys MB. 335,531 units are produced. "Jeep" becomes a household name with the news of this amazing vehicle that can go anywhere and do anything. These are the most desired Jeep vehicle for restoration.
1944 The US Army contracts Willys to develop a long-wheelbase version of the MB. Willys responds by developing the MLW-1 and MLW-2 prototypes.
1944 The CJ-1 is developed. This is the first prototype of the CJ line. No CJ-1s are known to still be in existence.
1944 The CJ-2 is developed. 45 examples of this model are built. Nine of these vehicles are known to still be in existence.
1945 Willys-Overland begins producing the Civilian Jeep (CJ) line, with the introduction of the CJ-2A model. 214,202 units were produced between 1945 and 1949.
1946 Production begins on the Willys Jeep Wagon. Over 300,000 are manufactured between 1946 and 1965. This vehicle is the first 4-wheel drive wagon and is the predecessor to today's Grand Cherokee and Commander.
1947 The first Land Rover prototype is developed by the Wilks family using many spare Willys MB parts.
1947 Production begins on the Willys Jeep Truck. From 1947 to 1965, more than 200,000 are manufactured.
1948 Production begins on the Willys Jeepster. Only 19,000 vehicles are manufactured from 1948 to 1950.
1949 The CJ-3A is introduced, and more than 132,000 are made before the production ends in 1953.
1950 Willys CJ-V35 is developed for the US Marines. This vehicle was designed to be driven in deep water. Over 1000 units are delivered prior to the start of the Korean War. Only 29 of these vehicles are known to still be in existence.
1950 Willys develops the M38 / MC for the US Army. Similar to the CJ-V35, this vehicle is delivered to support troops in the Korean War.
1950 Willys Engineering develops a prototype vehicle known as the X-98.
1950 Willys develops the CJ-4 prototype. Only one of these vehicles produced. The vehicle is still in existence.
1950 Willys develops the CJ-4M and CJ-4MA (long-wheelbase) military prototypes. These vehicles are similar to the CJ-4 prototype but are outfitted with a snorkel, blackout lights, etc.
1952 The M38A1 begins production. This vehicle is designed to carry a rear-mounted 105mm or 106mm recoilless rifle.
1952 The Willys Aero compact car begins production.
1953 The BC Bobcat lightweight combat vehicle prototype is developed. This vehicle never goes into production.
1953 Kaiser buys Willys-Overland and changes name to Willys Motor Company.
1953 The CJ-3B goes into production. By 1968, over 155,494 are sold. Over 50 years later, this vehicle is still in production today, under license, by Mahindra of India.
1954 CJ-5 debuts at the start of its three-decade run. 603,303 units are produced over this time period.
1954 The M170 begins production. This vehicle is outfitted as either field ambulance or a six-man troop carrier.
1955 The USAF DJ is produced for non-combat maintenance and delivery work for use at US military bases.
1955 The CJ-6 is introduced. Based on the CJ-5, the vehicle features a wheelbase that is 20" longer. Only 50,172 units are produced.
1955 The DJ-3a debuts as a two-wheel drive version of the CJ-3a. This vehicle is used for postal delivery and a surrey-topped version is developed for use as a tour vehicle.
1955 The CJ-3B long-wheelbase vehicle begins production under license by several manufacturers around the world. This long-wheelbase vehicle is never produced in the United States.
1956 Production of the FC-150 truck begins.
1957 Production of the FC-170 truck begins.
1958 Production of the FC-170 DRW (dual rear wheel) truck begins.
1959 The M151 begins production under a joint effort of Jeep, AM General, and General Motors.
1960 The M606 is developed from the CJ-3B. Heavy-duty options are added to make the vehicle suitable for military use.
1963 Company changes name to Kaiser-Jeep Corporation.
1963 The J-Series Wagoneer debuts. Larger than the Willys Wagon, this vehicle is the first four wheel drive SUV featuring an automatic transmission.
1965 The Gladiator J-Series pickup debuts as a replacement for the Willys Pickup.
1964 The CJ-5A and CJ-6A Tuxedo Park editions begin production.
1965 Kaiser-Jeep discontinues production of Willys wagons and trucks, retiring the Willys name with the line.
1965 The DJ-5 replaces the DJ-3a model for use as a delivery and tour vehicle.
1965 The DJ-6 is introduced as a long-wheelbase version of the DJ-5.
1966 The Willys Jeepster Commando, based on the CJ-6 chassis, is introduced. This vehicle is offered in roadster, station wagon, pickup, or a power-top convertible.
1967 The DJ-6a is developed exclusively for postal use. AM General continues to produce this model throughout the 1980s.
1970 American Motors Corporation takes over Kaiser-Jeep.
1971 American General is spun off from American Motors Corporation. This company later produces the HMMWV. :)
1975 Willys-Overland resurrected as a wholesale/retail parts business.
1976 Offering an optional automatic transmission, the CJ-7 starts its 10-year run. This vehicle is slightly longer than the CJ-5. A total of 379,299 units are produced.
1977 The Jeep II concept is unveiled. This vehicle strongly resembles the original Willys MB and was designed to address fuel economy concerns.
1981 The CJ-8 "Scrambler" is introduced. Only 27,792 of these vehicles are produced. Though rare, these vehicles are very sought after for restoration.
1982 The CJ-10 and CJ-10a are introduced. These two models are quite rare. The CJ-10a is powered by a Nissan diesel engine, low-range gearing and a Dana 70 rear axle. The CJ-10a is capable of towing up to 20 tons, and is primarily used as an airplane tow vehicle.
1984 The new Cherokee (XJ) is introduced to compete in the growing compact SUV market.
1986 The first Wrangler (YJ) is introduced as a replacement for the long-running CJ lineup. The YJ features square headlights and a wider body than the CJ.
1986 The Comanche (MJ) pickup debuts. This vehicle is based on the same architecture as the Cherokee.
1987 American Motors is purchased by Chrysler Corporation.
1988 A long wheelbase version of the YJ is produced in Valencia, Venezuela for export markets only.
1991 The J-Series Grand Wagoneer is discontinued.
1991 The Renegade trim level is added to the YJ lineup. This trim level features a unique fender skirt package and the new 4.0L I-6 engine.
1993 Chrysler introduces the Grand Cherokee (ZJ) to replace the discontinued Wagoneer.
1997 The redesigned Wrangler (TJ) is introduced. Round headlights make a return, and the front suspension is changed from leaf sprung to coil sprung.
1997 The Jeep Dakar concept is unveiled. This four-door Wrangler model wows auto show audience with its light bar, roof rack, and classic Jeep styling.
1997 The Jeep Icon concept is unveiled. This concept features independent front and rear suspension.
1997 Jeep Cherokee is given a mild facelift. The body lines of the vehicle are smoothed out and the interior is redesigned.
1998 Daimler-Benz merges with Chrysler Corporation to form DaimlerChrysler, fifth largest auto maker in the world.
1998 The Jeepster concept vehicle debuts.
1999 The Grand Cherokee undergoes a complete redesign. This vehicle (WJ) wins the coveted 4x4 Of The Year Award.
1999 The Jeep Commander concept vehicle debuts.
1999 The Jeep Commander 2 concept vehicle debuts. Looking nearly identical to the Commander, this concept features a nearly pollution free fuel-cell powertrain.
2000 The Jeep Varsity concept vehicle debuts.
2001 After over 17 years of production, the beloved Jeep Cherokee is discontinued.
2001 The Jeep Willys concept vehicle debuts.
2002 The Jeep Liberty (KJ) is introduced as a replacement for the Jeep Cherokee. The KJ still carries the Cherokee name in export markets.
2002 The Jeep Compass concept is unveiled.
2003 The Rubicon trim level is added to the Wrangler lineup. This vehicle features lockers, 4.11 axle gear ratio, and puncture resistant tires.
2004 The Jeep Rescue prototype vehicle debuts. Geared for search and rescue, this vehicle features high ground clearance, a Cummins diesel engine, and extensive electronics.
2004 Following in the steps of the CJ-6 and CJ-8, the Wrangler Unlimited is released. This long-wheelbase vehicle is also offered in the rugged Rubicon trim level.
2004 The Liberty CRD (common rail diesel) is announced. This vehicle marks one of the first modern diesel domestic vehicles.
2004 The Grand Cherokee undergoes a complete redesign. The 2005 model-year vehicle (WK) features independent front suspension and a powerful 330hp HEMI engine. This vehicle follows tradition by winning the 4x4 Of The Year Award.
2005 The jaw-dropping Jeep Hurricane concept debuts with twin HEMI engines and a 0-degree turning radius.
2005 The Jeep Gladiator concept truck debuts. This vehicle bears the same name as a 1960's Jeep pickup model and features a side-mounted spare tire, diesel engine, and expandable truck bed.
2005 The Jeep Commander (XK) debuts. This 2006 model-year vehicle is the first Jeep vehicle since the Willys Wagon to offer seven-passenger seating. The Commander is powered by a 330hp HEMI engine.
2005 The Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT-8 debuts. This 2006 model-year vehicle is the fastest production SUV, featuring a 415hp 6.1L HEMI and full-time four wheel drive. This vehicle can do 0-60mph sprints in under five seconds.
2005 The Jeep Patriot concept debuts with a classic slab-side design.
2005 The Jeep Compass Rallye concept debuts. The vehicle is a low-slung, rally-inspired, all wheel drive auto based on the Dodge Calibre architecture.

#4 User is offline   Rollbar 

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Posted 22 December 2005 - 08:28 PM

Major, that's some excellent info.
*MY CJ IS YOUR yJ's DADDY*

*Who Needs A Stinking Manual When You Have A Fat Wallet For Tech Support!*

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Support the Central Florida Bible Camp for kids

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#5 User is offline   SweetFancyMoses 

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Posted 27 December 2005 - 08:22 AM

Quote

1946 Production begins on the Willys Jeep Wagon. Over 300,000 are manufactured between 1946 and 1965. This vehicle is the first 4-wheel drive wagon and is the predecessor to today's Grand Cherokee and Commander.


Great info, major...

Doers anyone have a pict of the '46? I would love to get a visual concept of what led to today's GC and commander.

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